A mode-III crack with variable surface effects
We study the contribution of variable surface effects to the antiplane deformation of a linearly elastic material with a mode-III crack. The surface elasticity is incorporated using a modified version of the continuum based surface/interface model of Gurtin and Murdoch. In our discussion, the surface moduli are not constant but vary along the crack surfaces. Using Green’s function method, the problem is reduced to a single first-order Cauchy singular integro-differential equation, which is solved numerically using Chebyshev polynomials and a collocation method. Our results indicate that the gradient of the surface shear modulus exerts a significant influence on the crack opening displacement and on the singular stress field at the crack tips.
Keywords: surface elasticity, variable surface moduli, mode-III crack, Cauchy singular integro-differential equation